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Пълна версия: Volvo Trucks - 1920s - The Beginning
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Ето малко от историята на Volvo Trucks , но поради липсата ми на време , ще ви оставя само с C&P информация.


Series 1 and 2 - 1920s
[Изображение: B8A8BBFAE2854DF386398C3AD489504C1.gif]
[Изображение: 335x122_series1_2.jpg]
Volvo began operations in late 1926, preparing for the production of cars which started in April 1927. It was soon clear that there was only modest demand in Sweden for a Swedish car.

As early as December 1926, design of a medium-duty truck (named ’Series 1’) had started, and, in February 1928, the very first Volvo truck left the factory in Gothenburg, Sweden (at this early stage the production of cars and trucks took place on the same assembly line).

The first truck – an unexpected success
In contrast to the modest demand for Volvo cars, the first Volvo truck was an immediate success. The original plan was to produce 500 four-cylinder ’Series 1’ trucks, and later introduce the more powerful six-cylinder truck. The first 500 trucks were, however, sold out in very short time. A second series of 500 trucks - ’Series 2’ - was planned and manufactured.

The Volvo ’Series 1’ truck was not a powerful truck, having a modest four-cylinder petrol engine delivering only 28 bhp. The official payload was limited to 1,500 kg (half of the GVW) but the basic design of this early truck was very sound, so people frequently used it to carry loads up to double that of the legal figure.

Three-speed gearbox and ergonimics
The speed of the Series 1 Truck was always limited to 40 or 50 km/h (less with payload, especially in hilly surroundings). Driving was, however, facilitated by the three-speed gearbox and the reasonable ergonomics, including a fairly low level of sound for the driver.

In this truck, like in other trucks up to the mid 30s, heating was limited to the engine heat, which entered the cab through the metal sheet that separated the engine from the cab.

Complete design by Volvo
The Series 1 Truck was a modest attempt which succeeded well above expectations thanks to rugged and simple design. In contrast to many other trucks from this era, it was completely designed by Volvo, including the engine and the gearbox. It was delivered without a cab, but a standard cab produced by the independent body manufacturer, ’Åtvidaberg’ (who also produced the car bodies) could be ordered and fitted in the Volvo factory before delivery.

Most trucks of this type, however, were delivered without cab to the customer who then ordered a cab to his own specifications from any of the many local cab manufacturers. Surprisingly many Truck Type 1 have been preserved to this very day, proof as good as any of its high quality.

The second truck – built on high demand...
After the slow sales of the four-cylinder Volvo cars during the initial years, it was certainly a very pleasant surprise that the first Volvo truck became a success. The first 500 Series 1 trucks (stocks of which were originally expected to last for up to two years) had found customers within 6 months. Another batch of 500 four-cylinder trucks had to be produced due to the demand.

...with hardly no time to rest
The first two years were a time of frenzied activity at Volvo, with several different types of vehicle being designed from scratch. After this, it was possible to calm down a little, which made it feasible to make several modifications to the new Series 2 Truck in relation to the very first Volvo truck of February 1928.

Despite the fact that trucks were now becoming more and more powerful, Volvo was, in the short space of the first six months, given no chance to create a more powerful engine than the existing (original) four-cylinder engine with a mere 28 bhp. The previous two rear axle ratios were, however, reduced to a single one, the ’slower’ axle resulting in a slower top speed but improved driveability.

Improved drivability
The first truck had a track dimension identical to the first Volvo car (only 1,300 mm), and this created serious problems when driving on the roads of the day. These roads were very often nothing but a pair of tracks left by horse-drawn carts, which were about 1.5 metres wide, creating problems for the first, narrow Volvo truck, which did not ’fit’ into the cart-tracks.

For this reason the Series 2 Truck was given a wider track of 1,460 mm. The wider track was created by moving the rear springs to the outside of the frame rails (on Series 1 the springs had been attached directly under the frame rails) - constituting a sound way of distinguishing the Series 2 Truck from the earlier Series 1.

Suited to series production
In many respects, the second truck was better suited to economical series production. The beautiful wooden steering wheel was, for instance, exchanged for a more standardised ’bakelite’ steering wheel.

The Series 2 Truck became quite successful, and found favour with several truck owners, as well as other groups like bus companies, which started using this truck as the basis for a simple but reliable little bus. These small buses had a truck chassis, with a wooden-framed bus body covered by sheet steel.



Series 3 and 4 - 1920s
[Изображение: C1168B19B31A4EA9B53FE89F9EC770A7.gif]
[Изображение: 335x122_series3_4.jpg]

Right from the start, a Volvo truck was considered to be (and in fact was) fairly expensive (something that also applied to Volvo cars). Customers chose a Volvo generally for its to superior quality and ruggedness in spite of its higher price.

By the autumn of 1926, Volvo management was already aware that the choice of a small four-cylinder engine had not been very wise step. The development of a straight in-line six-cylinder engine was begun, by simply taking the existing four-cylinder ’DA’ engine, adding two cylinders, thus creating Volvo’s first six-cylinder engine, the ’DB’.

Introducing the six-cylinder truck
In the spring of 1929, both the first car and the first truck with a six-cylinder engine were introduced. Thus, Volvo got its first truck with not only a high level of quality and rugged design, but also decent performance.

Generally speaking, the first six-cylinder truck, the Series 3, was very similar to the Series 2 truck. This meant that the specification was otherwise almost unchanged, right down to the chassis wheelbase, with the result that the length of the platform was fairly limited, which was perhaps not then a severe hindrance in transport since the payload was limited to about 2 tonnes in the first edition. Later, the length of the platform was slightly increased but not significantly.

Increased vehicle weight and payload
Even by comparison with the competitors of the day, the first six-cylinder truck was old-fashioned. The wooden wheels were far from perfect for a fair level of heavy-duty transport applications, and the two-wheel brakes that worked on the rear wheels only were not the safest of devices for a medium-duty truck for distribution operations and other tasks.

The two basic versions of the first generation of six-cylinder trucks did not change much during the production period that spanned about three years, in which no less than a total of around 3,000 trucks were produced. There was, however, a gradual increase in the Gross Vehicle Weight, and a corresponding increase in the payload.

The first three-axle truck
A major step for the small Volvo factory was the introduction of the first three-axle truck, the LV64 LF. The principle reason for introducing this truck was not to increase the payload, but to comply with the low permitted axle loads of the day, imposed as a result of the very bad roads of the early 1930s. This first three-axle truck was, however, not used very much as a straight truck, but as a chassis for fairly simple buses for rural routes, perhaps an area where the authorities´ interest in controlling axle loads applied on a daily basis was more intense than when it came to trucks, where axle loads often far exceeded permitted values.

The Series 3 truck and the Series 4 truck were the last outdated trucks to be made by Volvo. Trucks introduced after these were normally up-to-date compared with other contemporary makes of trucks.
Ето малко от историята на Volvo Trucks , но поради липсата ми на време , ще ви оставя само с C&P информация.


Series 1 and 2 - 1920s
[Изображение: B8A8BBFAE2854DF386398C3AD489504C1.gif]
[Изображение: 335x122_series1_2.jpg]
Volvo began operations in late 1926, preparing for the production of cars which started in April 1927. It was soon clear that there was only modest demand in Sweden for a Swedish car.

As early as December 1926, design of a medium-duty truck (named ’Series 1’) had started, and, in February 1928, the very first Volvo truck left the factory in Gothenburg, Sweden (at this early stage the production of cars and trucks took place on the same assembly line).

The first truck – an unexpected success
In contrast to the modest demand for Volvo cars, the first Volvo truck was an immediate success. The original plan was to produce 500 four-cylinder ’Series 1’ trucks, and later introduce the more powerful six-cylinder truck. The first 500 trucks were, however, sold out in very short time. A second series of 500 trucks - ’Series 2’ - was planned and manufactured.

The Volvo ’Series 1’ truck was not a powerful truck, having a modest four-cylinder petrol engine delivering only 28 bhp. The official payload was limited to 1,500 kg (half of the GVW) but the basic design of this early truck was very sound, so people frequently used it to carry loads up to double that of the legal figure.

Three-speed gearbox and ergonimics
The speed of the Series 1 Truck was always limited to 40 or 50 km/h (less with payload, especially in hilly surroundings). Driving was, however, facilitated by the three-speed gearbox and the reasonable ergonomics, including a fairly low level of sound for the driver.

In this truck, like in other trucks up to the mid 30s, heating was limited to the engine heat, which entered the cab through the metal sheet that separated the engine from the cab.

Complete design by Volvo
The Series 1 Truck was a modest attempt which succeeded well above expectations thanks to rugged and simple design. In contrast to many other trucks from this era, it was completely designed by Volvo, including the engine and the gearbox. It was delivered without a cab, but a standard cab produced by the independent body manufacturer, ’Åtvidaberg’ (who also produced the car bodies) could be ordered and fitted in the Volvo factory before delivery.

Most trucks of this type, however, were delivered without cab to the customer who then ordered a cab to his own specifications from any of the many local cab manufacturers. Surprisingly many Truck Type 1 have been preserved to this very day, proof as good as any of its high quality.

The second truck – built on high demand...
After the slow sales of the four-cylinder Volvo cars during the initial years, it was certainly a very pleasant surprise that the first Volvo truck became a success. The first 500 Series 1 trucks (stocks of which were originally expected to last for up to two years) had found customers within 6 months. Another batch of 500 four-cylinder trucks had to be produced due to the demand.

...with hardly no time to rest
The first two years were a time of frenzied activity at Volvo, with several different types of vehicle being designed from scratch. After this, it was possible to calm down a little, which made it feasible to make several modifications to the new Series 2 Truck in relation to the very first Volvo truck of February 1928.

Despite the fact that trucks were now becoming more and more powerful, Volvo was, in the short space of the first six months, given no chance to create a more powerful engine than the existing (original) four-cylinder engine with a mere 28 bhp. The previous two rear axle ratios were, however, reduced to a single one, the ’slower’ axle resulting in a slower top speed but improved driveability.

Improved drivability
The first truck had a track dimension identical to the first Volvo car (only 1,300 mm), and this created serious problems when driving on the roads of the day. These roads were very often nothing but a pair of tracks left by horse-drawn carts, which were about 1.5 metres wide, creating problems for the first, narrow Volvo truck, which did not ’fit’ into the cart-tracks.

For this reason the Series 2 Truck was given a wider track of 1,460 mm. The wider track was created by moving the rear springs to the outside of the frame rails (on Series 1 the springs had been attached directly under the frame rails) - constituting a sound way of distinguishing the Series 2 Truck from the earlier Series 1.

Suited to series production
In many respects, the second truck was better suited to economical series production. The beautiful wooden steering wheel was, for instance, exchanged for a more standardised ’bakelite’ steering wheel.

The Series 2 Truck became quite successful, and found favour with several truck owners, as well as other groups like bus companies, which started using this truck as the basis for a simple but reliable little bus. These small buses had a truck chassis, with a wooden-framed bus body covered by sheet steel.



Series 3 and 4 - 1920s
[Изображение: C1168B19B31A4EA9B53FE89F9EC770A7.gif]
[Изображение: 335x122_series3_4.jpg]

Right from the start, a Volvo truck was considered to be (and in fact was) fairly expensive (something that also applied to Volvo cars). Customers chose a Volvo generally for its to superior quality and ruggedness in spite of its higher price.

By the autumn of 1926, Volvo management was already aware that the choice of a small four-cylinder engine had not been very wise step. The development of a straight in-line six-cylinder engine was begun, by simply taking the existing four-cylinder ’DA’ engine, adding two cylinders, thus creating Volvo’s first six-cylinder engine, the ’DB’.

Introducing the six-cylinder truck
In the spring of 1929, both the first car and the first truck with a six-cylinder engine were introduced. Thus, Volvo got its first truck with not only a high level of quality and rugged design, but also decent performance.

Generally speaking, the first six-cylinder truck, the Series 3, was very similar to the Series 2 truck. This meant that the specification was otherwise almost unchanged, right down to the chassis wheelbase, with the result that the length of the platform was fairly limited, which was perhaps not then a severe hindrance in transport since the payload was limited to about 2 tonnes in the first edition. Later, the length of the platform was slightly increased but not significantly.

Increased vehicle weight and payload
Even by comparison with the competitors of the day, the first six-cylinder truck was old-fashioned. The wooden wheels were far from perfect for a fair level of heavy-duty transport applications, and the two-wheel brakes that worked on the rear wheels only were not the safest of devices for a medium-duty truck for distribution operations and other tasks.

The two basic versions of the first generation of six-cylinder trucks did not change much during the production period that spanned about three years, in which no less than a total of around 3,000 trucks were produced. There was, however, a gradual increase in the Gross Vehicle Weight, and a corresponding increase in the payload.

The first three-axle truck
A major step for the small Volvo factory was the introduction of the first three-axle truck, the LV64 LF. The principle reason for introducing this truck was not to increase the payload, but to comply with the low permitted axle loads of the day, imposed as a result of the very bad roads of the early 1930s. This first three-axle truck was, however, not used very much as a straight truck, but as a chassis for fairly simple buses for rural routes, perhaps an area where the authorities´ interest in controlling axle loads applied on a daily basis was more intense than when it came to trucks, where axle loads often far exceeded permitted values.

The Series 3 truck and the Series 4 truck were the last outdated trucks to be made by Volvo. Trucks introduced after these were normally up-to-date compared with other contemporary makes of trucks.
Сложи малко нови снимки с камиончета ... та да се изкефиме ... воайорите /неправоспособните да управляват "големи животни"/... :lol:

Имаш ли? ...
или линк тресни :wink:
Сложи малко нови снимки с камиончета ... та да се изкефиме ... воайорите /неправоспособните да управляват "големи животни"/... :lol:

Имаш ли? ...
или линк тресни :wink:
Трескам ти един линк Big Grin Big Grin Big Grin

<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://images.google.bg/images?hl=bg&q=volvo%20trucks&sa=N&tab=wi">http://images.google.bg/images?hl=bg&q= ... a=N&tab=wi</a><!-- m -->
Трескам ти един линк Big Grin Big Grin Big Grin

<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://images.google.bg/images?hl=bg&q=volvo%20trucks&sa=N&tab=wi">http://images.google.bg/images?hl=bg&q= ... a=N&tab=wi</a><!-- m -->
Нещо преведено, от историята модел.
<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://www.papermodels-bg.com/v1/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=30&Itemid=31">http://www.papermodels-bg.com/v1/index. ... &Itemid=31</a><!-- m -->
Нещо преведено, от историята модел.
<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://www.papermodels-bg.com/v1/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=30&Itemid=31">http://www.papermodels-bg.com/v1/index. ... &Itemid=31</a><!-- m -->
Димо - е тази гарсониера ми хареса ...

Ефри - Мисля че на тебе едно "Лапландче" в Смиров дол - много ще ти тича ....

Ето тук едно продават ... макар и не много евтино за нашите разбирания, ама ... си е класика!
Та лопатата отпред срува 5000 Евро, а 900 е за
Volvo Lapländer Valp C202 L3314

<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://mobile.de/SIDcoTo4tl7C0Sp88v4GcAMMw-t-vaNexlCsAsCsK%F3P%F3R~BmSB11Iindex_cgiJ1193052397A1Iindex_cgiD1100CCarY-t-vctpLtt~BmPA1B21B20B70%81R-t-vCaMiMkQuRDSeUnVb_X_Y_x_ysO~BSRA6D1100A1E25100BGND1970CPKWA0HinPublicA2A0A0A0A0/cgi-bin/da.pl?bereich=pkw&sr_qual=GN&top=21&id=11111111268666885&">http://mobile.de/SIDcoTo4tl7C0Sp88v4GcA ... 268666885&</a><!-- m -->

Може и това за Ефри, като цената е отбита ... 400 Евро...
<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://mobile.de/SIDcoTo4tl7C0Sp88v4GcAMMw-t-vaNexlCsAsCsK%F3P%F3R~BmSB11Iindex_cgiJ1193052397A1Iindex_cgiD1100CCarY-t-vctpLtt~BmPA1B21B20B70%81R-t-vCaMiMkQuRDSeUnVb_X_Y_x_ysO~BSRA6D1100A1E25100BGND1970CPKWA0HinPublicA2A0A0A0A0/cgi-bin/da.pl?bereich=pkw&sr_qual=GN&top=25&id=11111111279252818&">http://mobile.de/SIDcoTo4tl7C0Sp88v4GcA ... 279252818&</a><!-- m -->

И това е запазено ... ама държи и цена! С твърд покрив е!
<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://mobile.de/SIDXwzVwZxU1WRpAXk5modq-w-t-vaN%E3Dex%E9DlCsAsCsK%F3P%F3R~BmSB11Iindex_cgi%81%5D-t-vCaCiCoMiMkMoPESeZikmrD~BCDA1A7FMj%F6lbyBSEA1E25100KTP%FF%A021%FF%A0SuggaD6500CCarE59544E50000G1957-01J1193052397%81%5D-t-vCaCiCoMiMkMoPESeZikmrD~BCDA1A7FMj%F6lbyBSEA1E25100KTP%FF%A021%FF%A0SuggaD6500CCarE59544E50000G1957-01A1Iindex_cgiD1100CCarY-t-vctpLtt~BmPA1B41B20B70%81R-t-vCaMiMkQuRDSeUnVb_X_Y_x_ysO~BSRA6D1100A1E25100BGND1970CPKWA0HinPublicA2A0A0A0A0/cgi-bin/da.pl?bereich=pkw&sr_qual=GN&top=41&id=11111111264729917&">http://mobile.de/SIDXwzVwZxU1WRpAXk5mod ... 264729917&</a><!-- m -->
Задявки, Ефри ... но са готинки тези машини!
Димо - е тази гарсониера ми хареса ...

Ефри - Мисля че на тебе едно "Лапландче" в Смиров дол - много ще ти тича ....

Ето тук едно продават ... макар и не много евтино за нашите разбирания, ама ... си е класика!
Та лопатата отпред срува 5000 Евро, а 900 е за
Volvo Lapländer Valp C202 L3314

<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://mobile.de/SIDcoTo4tl7C0Sp88v4GcAMMw-t-vaNexlCsAsCsK%F3P%F3R~BmSB11Iindex_cgiJ1193052397A1Iindex_cgiD1100CCarY-t-vctpLtt~BmPA1B21B20B70%81R-t-vCaMiMkQuRDSeUnVb_X_Y_x_ysO~BSRA6D1100A1E25100BGND1970CPKWA0HinPublicA2A0A0A0A0/cgi-bin/da.pl?bereich=pkw&sr_qual=GN&top=21&id=11111111268666885&">http://mobile.de/SIDcoTo4tl7C0Sp88v4GcA ... 268666885&</a><!-- m -->

Може и това за Ефри, като цената е отбита ... 400 Евро...
<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://mobile.de/SIDcoTo4tl7C0Sp88v4GcAMMw-t-vaNexlCsAsCsK%F3P%F3R~BmSB11Iindex_cgiJ1193052397A1Iindex_cgiD1100CCarY-t-vctpLtt~BmPA1B21B20B70%81R-t-vCaMiMkQuRDSeUnVb_X_Y_x_ysO~BSRA6D1100A1E25100BGND1970CPKWA0HinPublicA2A0A0A0A0/cgi-bin/da.pl?bereich=pkw&sr_qual=GN&top=25&id=11111111279252818&">http://mobile.de/SIDcoTo4tl7C0Sp88v4GcA ... 279252818&</a><!-- m -->

И това е запазено ... ама държи и цена! С твърд покрив е!
<!-- m --><a class="postlink" href="http://mobile.de/SIDXwzVwZxU1WRpAXk5modq-w-t-vaN%E3Dex%E9DlCsAsCsK%F3P%F3R~BmSB11Iindex_cgi%81%5D-t-vCaCiCoMiMkMoPESeZikmrD~BCDA1A7FMj%F6lbyBSEA1E25100KTP%FF%A021%FF%A0SuggaD6500CCarE59544E50000G1957-01J1193052397%81%5D-t-vCaCiCoMiMkMoPESeZikmrD~BCDA1A7FMj%F6lbyBSEA1E25100KTP%FF%A021%FF%A0SuggaD6500CCarE59544E50000G1957-01A1Iindex_cgiD1100CCarY-t-vctpLtt~BmPA1B41B20B70%81R-t-vCaMiMkQuRDSeUnVb_X_Y_x_ysO~BSRA6D1100A1E25100BGND1970CPKWA0HinPublicA2A0A0A0A0/cgi-bin/da.pl?bereich=pkw&sr_qual=GN&top=41&id=11111111264729917&">http://mobile.de/SIDXwzVwZxU1WRpAXk5mod ... 264729917&</a><!-- m -->
Задявки, Ефри ... но са готинки тези машини!
Страници: 1 2